Understanding the Criminal Justice System
The Criminal Justice system is the way in which societies deal with people who break the law. This can be facilitated through incarceration or through rehabilitation to prevent future reoffending. There are many different approaches to how this system operates, depending on the state and local laws.
The Criminal Justice System is a part of a Political Ideology that has impacted society for centuries. The aim of this ideology is to create order and provide safety for citizens by balancing punishment and rehabilitation when dealing with offenders.
A Look at Felony and Misdemeanor Criminal Penalties in Texas
In Texas, criminal offenses are categorized as either a felony or a misdemeanor. The differences between the two types of offenses are determined by the severity and type of crime.
A felony is a more serious offense, punishable by death or imprisonment in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice for a period that can extend to life. In contrast, misdemeanors are less serious, punishable by confinement in county jail for no more than one year.
Felonies are more serious crimes and include things like murder, aggravated robbery, and sexual assault. Misdemeanors are less serious crimes and include things like disorderly conduct, theft of less than $500, or public intoxication.
A Few Examples of felony and misdemeanor offenses are listed below. Although it’s not an exhaustive list, it’ll give novices an understanding.
Common Texas Felonies
- Aggravated robbery
- Sexual assault
- Drug Trafficking
Common Texas Misdemeanors
- Disorderly conduct
- Theft of less than $500
- Public intoxication
- Possession of Marijuana
What Happens to Prisoners in Texas?
Many people are unaware of what happens to prisoners in Texas. The justice system in Texas takes the responsibility of providing care for prisoners with medical needs, but most prisons lack necessary resources to provide care.
The most common health issue for prison inmates is diabetes. A study estimates that around one-third of male inmates and one-fifth of female inmates have diabetes, with nearly half of all male inmates taking medications for high blood pressure or high cholesterol. However, few prisons offer access to treatment for these conditions due to limited funding and supplies. Many prisons don’t offer any type of therapy services at all, which can lead to mental health disorders like depression and anxiety developing over time.
Many prisoners also live without needed medication or mental health services due their inability to afford it or their refusal to
Finding A Lawyer Felony Charges in Houston, TX
The unfortunate reality of the law is that it is not always easy. There are many things you can do to make a process smoother, but taking your case seriously and hiring a lawyer from the start is one of the best ways to ensure you have the best chance for a positive outcome.
In this section, we will go over some different options for finding legal representation in Houston, TX. In order to be successful in your search, it is important that you pick an attorney that has experience with what you are going through.
Legal representation can cost anywhere from $50-$2,000 per hour and up depending on what type of service they offer and how long your trial lasts. It’s always a good idea to consult with a skilled criminal defense lawyer before committing to anything.-
Many people are not aware of the different types of lawyers and what they specialize in. Hiring a lawyer is an important decision and it’s vital to understand the difference between criminal defense lawyers that specialize in certain types of criminal cases. For example, Jack B. Carroll & Associates are great sex crime lawyers in Houston but may not be the best for litigious criminal appeals.
Prison Sentences for Texas Felony Convictions
In Texas, a felony conviction can lead to a prison sentence in a state penitentiary. The penalties for a felony in Texas depend on the severity of the crime committed. If you are convicted of any felony in Texas, you can be sentenced to imprisonment for an indeterminate term not to exceed 20 years and fined not more than $10,000.
The state of Texas has specific severity tiers for felonies:
- A first degree felony carries a punishment range from 5-99 years or life in prison and up to a $10,000 fine.
- A second degree felony carries a punishment range from 2-20 years or life in prison and up to a $10,000 fine.
- Third degree felonies carry a punishment range from 2 years – 10 years or
Texas Criminal Justice Demographics & Stats
The Texas Criminal Justice Department has released a new study on the demographics of the prison population. The study found that in 2017, nearly half (49%) of inmates in Texas prisons were Hispanic or Latino, while only 31% were White.
Demographics & Stats
- Nearly HALF (49%) Hispanic or Latino;
- Only 31% White;
- 20% Black;
- 6% Asian;
- Less than 1% Native American